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Страница Преподавателя Мясоедовой Н.И.

Дистанционное обучение  2020 г.

28.05.2020    12:30     Группа С-18-2
 
Тема:  Искусство строительства

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30.04.2020  12:20   Группа С-18-2 

Тема:  Строительные профессии

Онлайн урок (конференция Zoom) начало в  12:20   30.04.2020

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 20.04.2020  14:05   Группа С-19-2 

Тема: Модальные глаголы

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16.04.2020  12:20   Группа С-18-2 

Тема: Шопинг за рубежом

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16.04.2020 14:05     Группа М-19-1 

Тема: Географическое положение, климат, флора и фауна США

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Студентам необходимо выполнять предложенные задания и отправлять их на электронную почту преподавателя Natalya.Myasoedova@tularegion.org

 Обратите внимание: изменилась электронная           почта: Natalya.Myasoedova@tularegion.org



06.05.2020 -08.05.2020

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25.05.2020 - 29.05.2020

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08.05.2020

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12.05.2020

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 13.04.2020 - 17.04.202 

20.04.220 – 24.04.2020

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20.04.2020

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17.03 - 20.03.2020 г. 

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30.03 - 3.04.2020 г. 

(нерабочая неделя)

06.04 - 10.04.2020 г. 

17.03.2020 

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Конкурс "Профессиональный Английский". 

  

 



Неделя английского языка

С 15 по 29 ноября 2018 года Новомосковском строительном колледже проходила неделя английского языка. Преподавателями иностранного языка были проведены следующие мероприятия: викторина «Знаете ли Вы Великобританию?»; конкурс стенгазет, олимпиада по английскому языку среди студентов 1-х курсов, музыкально-поэтическое мероприятие, посвящённое английским и американским поэтам и композиторам. Завершением данной недели стал открытый урок по теме «Британский дом. Традиции английского чаепития».

Преподаватели благодарят студентов 1-4-х курсов за активное участие в неделе английского языка.

  




Методические указания по дисциплине 

«Английский язык в профессиональной деятельности»

для специальности 08.02.03  Производство неметаллических строительных изделий и конструкций.

Полную версию можете скачать здесь.

Раздел 1  Путешествие

 Тема 1.1 Туры по родной стране и за рубеж

 Практическое занятие №1 Виды туризма

 1 Прочитайте и переведите текст [10,c. 23]

 Kinds  of  Tourism

A lot of people travel nowadays. It's not surprising because distances between countries are becoming shorter due to the development of transport. Today people have lots of good reasons to travel. First of all, travelling is a part of people's education. It goes without saying that it's always interesting to discover new places and new ways of life, to try foreign food and to listen to unusual musical rhythms. Besides, travelling is a way to practice foreign languages. Another reason why people travel is to relax. City-dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun. Finally, more and more people nowadays travel around the world on business.

The most popular tourist destinations in summer are of course seaside resorts in warm countries such as Spain, Italy or Turkey because people want to enjoy swimming and sunbathing as well as different water sports and nice entertainment. As for winter, people flock in thousands to the slopes of popular skiing in the Alps such as Chamonix in France or Zermatt in Switzerland because they have lots of comfortable hotels and offer wonderful opportunities for downhill skiing. People who enjoy visiting museums and art galleries usually go on sightseeing tours to countries like England, Germany or Greece.

There are a lot of different means of travelling and each of them has its pros and cons. When people have to visit another country, they prefer air travel because it's faster than other means of transport although it is the most expensive way of travelling. In other cases, it is more practical and economical to go by train or bus. Modern trains are very comfortable. Besides, you can enjoy a splendid view of the countryside. And if you are hungry, you can have a meal in the dining-car. Some people prefer travelling by sea which is very exciting. If the weather is fine, you can relax on a large sun deck and enjoy the panoramic view of the sea. But of course if you are sea­-sick, travelling by ship is not a good idea. A lot of people travel by car because it's rather convenient. They don't have to buy tickets and to carry heavy luggage. They can stop wherever they wish and spend as much time as they like at any place. However, this way of travelling is not as comfortable and quick as travelling by plane or by train.

As for me, I like travelling and I travel quite a lot. I think, travelling is the best way to spend holidays. I’d advise everyone to travel as much as possible.

 2 Найдите в тексте эквиваленты следующих словосочетаний [10,c. 23]

Становиться короче; благодаря развитию транспорта; образ жизни; городские жители; загорать (на пляже); путешествовать по делам; иметь свои плюсы и минусы; в другом случае; вагон-ресторан; наслаждаться великолепными пейзажами.

3 Напишите русский эквивалент [10,c. 23]

It goes without saying; a quiet holiday with nothing to do; to flock in thousands to the slopes of skiing in the Alps; to offer opportunities for downhill skiing; to be sea-sick.

4 Ответьте на вопросы [10,c. 23] 

1        Do you enjoy travelling? Why?

2        What is your favourite way of travelling? Why?

3        Is it better to travel on your own or with your friends/family? Why?

4        What do you think is the best season for travelling?

5        Do you take a camera with you when you travel? Why?

6        Do you agree that travelling broadens the mind? Why?

7        What would you recommend to people who want to go travelling?

 Практическое занятие №2  Путешествовать - значит познавать

 1 Прочитайте и переведите  текст [10,c. 19]

ТRAVELLING

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms.

Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.

Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of everything that interests them –the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, waterfalls, forests; different kinds of trees, flowers and plants, animals and birds.

Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy time they have had.

People travel by train, by plane, by boat and by car.

All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations.

If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and understand the people is to meet them in their own homes.

2 Задайте специальные вопросы к следующим предложениям [10,c. 19]

1                Millions of people spend their holidays travelling. (How)

2                Most travellers take a camera with them to take pictures of everything interesting. (Why)

3                Years later they will be reminded by the photos of the happy time they have had. (What)

4                This summer I have taken a holiday cruise dawn the Volga. (Where)

 3 Ответьте на вопросы [10, c.19]

 1                          Are you fond of travelling?

2                          Men have travelled ever since they first appeared on earth. Why do people travel?

3                          Why do people take a camera with them?  What do they usually photograph?

4                          What do we see and learn while travelling?

5                          How do different people spend their holidays?

6                          What means of travel do you know? What are their advantages and disadvantages?

7                          What places have you visited?

8                          Have you ever taken a holiday cruise along the Black Sea coast or down the Volga?

9                          Some people prefer to travel on their own and hate travelling in a group. What about you?

10             What countries would you like to visit?

 4 (Выберите подходящее слово из списка и вставьте его в предложение):

accommodation, abroad, visit, arrives, journey, in advance, hotel [10,c.19]

 1.  It’s always more convenient to book tickets ... 2. London Tourist Board is here to help you enjoy your ... to London. 3. We can provide ... in a wide range of price categories in over 900 hundred hotels and guest houses of Berlin. 4. Will you tell me about the facilities offered by your ... ? 5. Good-bye! I wish you a pleasant ... . 6. She was as excited as a child about her first trip ... , and spent the next days buying clothes. 7. It ... at 11.00 but it may be a little late because the weather forecast is bad.

 5  Прочитайте текст о аэропортах  Лондона и переведите [10,c.23]                                

      Airline Travelling are three international airports in London: Heathrow, Stansted and Gatwick. Flights inside Britain are called domestic flights, so if you want to travel inside the country go to domestic Departures. At the airline desk you show your ticket and give them your luggage in the usual way.

There is also a fast, frequent plane service - the shuttle - between London Heathrow and Manchester, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Belfast. For services to other cities you should ask the airline or travel agents. Families, young people, students and other people can get some tickets cheaper (for train tickets ask about a "Railcard"). Students also have some special offers.

If you've arrived by plane, the next thing to do is to get your luggage. Follow the signs to Baggage Reclaim and wait until you see your flight number. Keep your luggage with you till you are asked the label.

Go through the Customs. This is the place where officials may search your luggage. There are two channels (passages) for travelers. Those who have more quantity of things than it is allowed to bring must go through the red channel. They have to pay duty (special tax). People with no things to declare go through the green channel without paying duty. You can also buy some things at duty-free shops which are not taxed.

1 Why do people traveling?

2 What is the quickest kind of transport?

3 What kind of transport do you prefer?

4 Have you ever traveled by air?

5 Have you ever traveled by sea? Did you like it?

6 What preparations do people usually make before a journey?

7 What places would you like to visit?

 6 Запишите разговор в правильном порядке[10,c.34]

A: We’ll take a room on the second floor. How much is ti?

B: Okay. It suits us. We’ll take this room.

A: Seventy dollars a night, sir.

B: Yes, we’ll be able to put it up. Which floor would you like, sir?

A: Have you got any vacant rooms?

B: One double-room, please.

A: Single or double, sir?

 Раздел 2 Великобритания

Тема 2.1  От экономики до традиций

 Практическое занятие №3 Политико-экономическая характеристика Великобритании

 1 Прочитайте  и переведите текст [1,c. 23]

   The United Kingdom

      The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern   Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousands small islands. Their total area is over 244000 square kilometres.

     The United Kingdom is one of the world’s smaller countries. Its population is over 57 million. About 80 percent of the population is urban.

     The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast respectively. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland.  But in everyday speech “Great Britain” is used in the meaning of the “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. The capital of the UK is London.

The British Isles are separated fr om the Continent by the North Sea, the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called Highlands. The south, which has beautiful valleys and plains, is called Lowlands. The north and west of England are mountainous, but the eastern, central and south-eastern parts of England are a vast plain. Mountains are not very high. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain (1,343 m). There are not a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one. The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round.

The UK is a highly developed industrial country.  It produces and exports machinery, electronics, and textiles. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy with a parliament and the Queen as Head of State.

 2 Найдите в тексте словосочетания, где есть прилагательные в сравнительной и  превосходной степени. Выпишите эти словосочетания, переведите и укажите исходную форму прилагательных [1,c.23]

3  Ответьте на вопросы [1,c.23]

1        What islands is the United Kingdom situated on?

2          What is the country’s population?

3          What is the United Kingdom made of?

4          What is the United Kingdom washed by?

5         How can you characterize the surface of the British Isles?

6          What is the climate of Great Britain?

7          What are Britain’s chief industries?

8             What is Britain’s political system?

4 Переведите [1,c.23]

 Британские острова состоят из двух больших и тысяч малых островов.

Население Великобритании в основном городское.

Великобритания состоит из гористой части и низин.

Реки страны не очень длинные.

На климат Великобритании оказывает влияние Гольфстрим.

Великобритания производит и экспортирует станки, электронику, текстиль, суда.

Великобритания - конституционная монархия.

 5 Найдите каждой пословице эквивалент [11,c.22] 

1. East or West - home is best.

2. So many countries so many customs.

3. Every country has its customs.

4. When at Rome, do as the Romans do.

5. Dry bread at home is better than roast meat abroad.

1. В чужой монастырь со своим уставом не ходят.

2. В гостях хорошо, а дома лучше.

3. Сухой хлеб дома лучше, чем жареное мясо за границей.

4. Сколько стран, столько и обычаев.

5. У каждой страны свои обычаи.

 6 Расположи части текста в правильном порядке и заверши диалог согласно тексту[1,c.44]

                                Getting around  by bus.

1. You can see double-decker buses in many other countries of the world: the USA, Australia and others. They say that one could see them in Moscow at one time hut double-deckers were found inconvenient especially at rush hours.

2. Fares are collected by a conductor or are paid to the driver on entering the bus. Double-decker bus has two levels of seating and is seen in all British towns.

3. One of the symbols of London is a red double-decker bus. The first bus service ran in London in 1829 and motorbuses were first used in 1899. However, the top level had no roof and passengers had to wait until 1925 for protection against the British weather.

II.  - Would you like to travel by .........?

- Yes, I think one can see a lot fr om ........ of it.

- Can one travel by double-deckers only in .......?

- Red double-decker buses are a typical picture in London but two-level buses run in many towns of......

 Практическое занятие №4 Лондон

 1  Прочитайте и переведите текст[1,c.25]

London

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe. Its population is about 8 million.

London is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world. Traditionally it is divided into several   parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. They are very different fr om each other and seem to belong to different towns and epochs.

The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre. Numerous banks, offices and firms are situated there, including the Bank of England, the Stork Exchange and the Old Bailey. Few people live here, but over a million people come to the City to work. There are some famous ancient buildings within the City. Perhaps the most striking of them is St Paul’s Cathedral, the greatest of English churches. It was built in the 17th century by Sir Christopher Wren. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in 1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. It was used as a fortress, a royal palace and a prison. Now it is a museum.

Westminster is the historic, the governmental part of London. Westminster Abbey has more historic associations than any other building in Britain. Nearly all English kings and queens have been crowned here. Many outstanding statesmen, scientists, writers, poets and painters are buried here: Newton, Darwin, Chaucer, Dickens, Tennyson, Kipling, etc. Across the road fr om Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as “Big Ben”.

Buckingham Palace is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs, and theatres are situated there. There are splendid houses and lovely gardens belonging to wealthy people.

Trafalgar Square is the geographical centre of London. It was named in memory of Admiral Nelson‘s victory in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson’s Column stands in the middle of the square.

On the north side of Trafalgar Square is the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery. Not far away I the British Museum-the biggest museum in London. It contains a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures, etc, and is famous for its library.

The East End is the poorest district of London. There are a lot of factories, workshops and docks here. The streets are narrow, the buildings are unimpressive. The East End is densely populated by working class families.

 2  Переведите словосочетания[1, c.25]

 Наиболее значимая церковь  Англии; иметь исторические ассоциации с чем-либо; выдающиеся государственные деятели; быть коронованным; место нахождения британского парламента; символ богатства и роскоши; быть названным в честь кого-либо; содержать бесценную коллекцию древних рукописей.

 3 Напишите достопримечательности [1, c.29]

1.      … Park 

2.      … Square 

3.      … Gallery 

4.      … of London 

5.      … Cathedral 

6.      … Bridge 

7.      … Abbey 

8.      … Palace 

9.      The River…

10. The Houses of …

          4 Test “London. Sightseeing”[2,c.33]

1. You can see the column with a statue of Nelson in…

  1. Piccadilly Circus
  2. Hyde Park
  3. Trafalgar Square

2. …is very democratic park.

  1. Hyde Park
  2. Regent’s Park
  3. St. James’s Park

3. London Zoo is in …

  1. Regent’s Park
  2. St. James’s Park
  3. Hyde Park

4. They change the Guard every day at…

  1. 9:30 a.m.
  2. 11:30 a.m.
  3. 12 o’clock

5. Another famous sight outside the Tower of London is the …

  1. Pelicans
  2. Ravens
  3. Ducks

6. The London home of the Queen is …

  1. Buckingham Palace
  2. Westminster Abbey
  3. Covent Garden

7. The seat of the British Government is

  1. The Houses of Parliament
  2. Buckingham Palace
  3. Piccadilly Circus

    5 Прочитай и соедини части так, чтобы получились предложения[2,c.43] 

1. London is
2. The London Eye is
3. Buckingham Palace is
4. The Tower of London is
5. The Houses of Parliament is
6. Big Ben is
7. Trafalgar Square is
8. Westminster Abbey is
a) a big wheel.
b) an ancient fortress.
c) a place wh ere Queen Elisabeth II lives when she is in London.
d) a famous bell.
e) an ancient working church.
f) the capital of the UK.
g) is in the heart of London.
h) home of the British Parliament. 

Подростки и ЗОЖ:

Формирование привычки к здоровому образу жизни

 

Наука, технологии и медицина идут вперед семимильными шагами, едва ли не каждый день сообщая о новых и новых успехах, изобретениях, открытиях. Становится ли от этого человечество более здоровым? Помогают и накопленные знания в формировании правильного отношения к своему здоровью с юных лет?
Хотя молодежь и уверена, что они обо всем знают больше и лучше своих «замшелых предков», это почти всегда не соответствует фактическому положению дел. Подросткам для формирования действительного здорового образа жизни часто не хватает ни знаний, ни умения их систематизировать, ни понимания цели, которая объясняла бы смысл стараний.
Потому декларируемые ценности юного поколения не всегда соответствуют их поведению в реальности. Задача старших — помочь детям достичь этого соответствия. И для начала —  ненавязчиво объяснить, в чем, собственно, заключается этот самый ЗОЖ.
Вот его главные составляющие:
·         Правильный, физиологически оптимальный режим учебы/труда и отдыха, включающего в себя и достаточно продолжительный ночной сон, и общение с близкими, и занятие хобби.
·         Рациональное по составу и регулярности питание, контроль за весом.
·         Закаливание, прогулки и физическая активность на воздухе, вне помещений.
·         Личная гигиена — как тела, так и мыслей и чувств.
·         Обеспечение потребности тела в движении: прогулки, занятия спортом, танцами и т.д.
·         Отказ от вредных привычек и опасных пристрастий, включая не только курение и алкоголь, но и интернет-зависимость, игроманию и др.
·         Формирование эмоциональной и психологической устойчивости, уверенности в себе, овладение культурой общения, в том числе в сфере половых контактов. 
·         Самообразование в сфере ЗОЖ, без которого трудно достичь понимания необходимости выполнения всех предыдущих пунктов.
Подросток должен понимать, почему надо спать 8 часов ночью, а не днем, по два часа вразнобой. Чем отличается здоровое питание от фастфуда и прочего пищевого «мусора». Почему неправильно наедаться один раз в день перед сном, почему надо завтракать и обедать. Зачем надо гулять и двигаться, и чем плоха привычка жить, уткнувшись в смартфон или планшет. Почему важно научиться говорить «Нет», и чем страшен даже одноразовый прием наркотиков «чтобы попробовать и понять». В конце концов, почему надо принимать душ не по субботам, а утром и вечером, и дважды в день чистить зубы.
Прийти к здоровому образу жизни поможет мотивация, которая бывает разной — от пробуждения чувства сохранения до следования модным тенденциям. Курить, например, не только вредно для всего организма. Это еще и неприятно для окружающих — включая тех, чье мнение для подростка важно. Это уже и не модно. Потому что модно быть здоровым, стройным, с хорошей кожей, белыми зубами и блестящими волосами. Важно не переборщить с формированием мотивации, потому что можно нечаянно вызвать других «джиннов»: чрезмерную зацикленность на самочувствии, ипохондрию, фобию болезней и смерти, или неадекватное стремление следовать моде и добиваться одобрения социума любой ценой.
На практике оказывается, что лучший способ воспитания — собственный пример. Если ребенок с раннего детства живет в семье, где здоровый образ жизни — естественная норма, ему не потребуется дополнительных мотиваций. Этот образ жизни впитается в его сознание сам собой, формируя жизненные установки и модели поведения в будущем.
Аарон Келли, профессор кафедры Педиатрии в Университете Миннесоты
Здоровье подростков — задача государственной важности, так как речь идет о здоровье нации в ближайшем и отдаленном будущем. К сожалению, наши дети часто оказываются предоставленными самим себе по вполне понятным и объяснимым причинам: занятости родителей, недостаточно хорошему контакту с ними и со взрослыми вообще. Если добавить к этому свойственный подросткам нигилизм и стремление к ложно понимаемой самостоятельности, мы получим фундамент для формирования совершенно неправильного, нерационального образа жизни. Подростки могут питаться одними чипсами и пиццей, или морить себя голодом, чтобы достичь сходства с моделями на подиуме. Они могут гордиться достижениями в компьютерной игре и не замечать своего хилого телосложения. Или напротив — ради рельефной мускулатуры не вылезать из спортзала, подвергая себя не только чрезмерным физическим нагрузкам, но и воздействию различных веществ, дающих быстрый эффект и разрушающих здоровье.
Без помощи взрослых мало кто из тинейджеров обладает способностью найти верную дорогу к действительно здоровому образу жизни.
Что я могу посоветовать подросткам?
·         Прислушивайтесь к советам взрослых. Хотя бы неявно. Они действительно хотят добра и знают больше.
·         Питайтесь правильно. Лучше всего посоветоваться со специалистом по правильному питанию, чтобы составить свой рацион из самых подходящих и вкусных продуктов и определить количество приемов пищи в день.
·         Спите и отдыхайте достаточно. Как правило, спать надо не менее 8 часов, причем в ночное время.
·         Занимайтесь спортом, или хотя бы просто энергично двигайтесь 60 минут в день. Это может быть прогулка с собакой и игра с ней, езда на велосипеде, катание на роликовых коньках, танцы, бег, игра в волейбол или работа с тренажерами. Что угодно, но чтобы организм получил свою порцию движения.
·         Гуляйте, бывайте на свежем воздухе.
·         Заведите друзей, с которыми вам интересно и приятно общаться, с которыми вас объединяет сходное отношение к жизни.
·         Научитесь говорить «Нет». Когда вам предлагают попробовать что-то запретное или вредное, когда вами манипулируют или пытаются втянуть во что-то негативное, отказывайтесь. Это простое умение может спасти ваше здоровье, карьеру, отношения и даже жизнь.
Планируйте свое время. Многие подростки говорят, что у них не хватает времени на спорт или регулярное питание, на полноценный ночной сон или на прогулки. На самом деле им не хватает не времени, а организованности и мотивации. Лениться легче всего, но добиваются успеха только те, кто сумел включить в свой распорядок дня даже лень — в умеренной дозе.


                            Материалы для дистанционного обучения 

                                   по дисциплине "Английский язык"                           

                                              (в период с 28.01.2016  по  8.02.2016)

                                            для студентов 1- 4 курсов групп:


                                                        М-15-1

 28.01.2016 г.             Тема:  "Система образования в Великобритании" смотреть здесь

2.02.2016 г.                Тема:     "Система образования в США".   смотреть здесь

4.02.2016 г.                Тема:      " Оксфорд"     смотреть здесь


                                                               М-15-2

28.01.2016 г.             Тема:  "Образование в России" смотреть здесь

3.02.2016 г.               Тема:     "Система образования в Великобритании"    смотреть здесь

4.02.2016 г.               Тема:    "Система образования в США"    смотреть здесь

                                                               
                                                               М-14-2

29.01.2016 г.             Тема:    "Политико-экономическая характеристика США." смотреть здесь

                                                               М-13-1 

28.01.2016 г.             Тема: "Сложное дополнение" . смотреть здесь

4.02.2016 г.               Тема:     "Телевидение"    смотреть здесь

                                                               М-13-2

3.02.2016 г.              Тема:     "Телевидение".   смотреть здесь


                                                                М-12-1

29.01.16 г.            Тема:     " Спорт:  За и Против." смотреть здесь

5.02.16 г.              Тема:      "Использование бетона"     смотреть здесь


                                                         П-14-1  ;   С-14-2 

29.01.2016 г.         Тема:  "Неопределённо-личные местоимения". смотреть здесь

5.02.2016 г.            Тема:    "Политико-экономическая характеристика США."   смотреть здесь


                                                          С-12-1;  С-12-2

1.02.2016 г.             Тема:       "Наука и учёные"   смотреть здесь


                                                    С-13-1;  С-13-2;  П-13-1

2.02.2016 г.             Тема:     "Собор святого Павла в Лондоне"  смотреть здесь

Упражнения на тренировку и закрепление грамматического материала по темам :

1.Present Simple и Past Simple.

 Упражнениe 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present или Past Simple.

1. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock every day. 2. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock yesterday. 3. My brother (to wash) his face every morning. 4. Yesterday he (to wash) his face at a quarter past seven. 5. I (not to have) history lessons every day. 6. We (not to rest) yesterday. 7. My brother (not to drink) cof­fee yesterday. 8. My mother always (to take) a bus to get to work, but yesterday she (not to take) a bus. Yesterday she (to walk) to her office. 9. You (to talk) to the members of your family every day? - Yes, I .... But yesterday I (not to talk) to them: I (to be) very busy yesterday. 10. You (to come) home at six o'clock yesterday? - - No, I .... Yes­terday I (to come) home fr om school at half past eight. I (to be) very tired. I (to have) dinner with my family. After dinner I (to be) very thirsty. I (to drink) two cups of tea. Then I (to rest). 11. Your sister (to go) to school every day? - - Yes, she ....

Упражнениe 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глaголы в Present или Past Simple.

1. My friend (to know) English very well. 2. Who (to ring) you up an hour ago? 3. He (to live) on the third floor. 4. It (to take) you long to find his house yesterday? 5. When your lessons (to be) over on Monday? (обычно) 6. I (to have) dinner with my fam­ily yesterday. 7. Her friends (to be) ready at five o'clock. 8. One of her brothers (to make) a tour of Europe last summer. 9. Queen Elizabeth II (to be) born in 1926. She (to become) Queen of England in 1952. 10. You always (to get) up at seven o'clock? — No, sometimes I (to get) up at half past seven.

2. Present Perfect.

1. Перепишите предложения, употребляя  нужное наречие из данных в скобках.

Пример: Have you ever been to Paris?

1   Look, your brother has come in. (usually/just)

2    I have tried to read War and Peace but I always stop because it's difficult. (usually/often)

3    We have visited the Czech Republic. What's it like? (sometimes/never) 

4    Have you been to Paris? (ever/never)

5    Peter has given me his homework on time . (sometimes/never)

6    Have you been to the cinema with Tom? (ever/ just)

7    I haven't used that computer so I don't know what to do. (never/ever)

8    They have done the homework. Here it is. (already/yet)

9    They haven't done the homework. It's for next week. (already/yet)

10    I've worked here ten years, (since/for)

11    I've worked here 2000. (since/for)

12   I've worked here. (all my life/since)

1) Дополните предложения правильной формой Present Perfect

1.     I know who your boss is. I (work) for him.

2.     Look! Somebody already (broke) the tree.

3.     Mary (go) to Moskow, but she’ll be back next Monday at the latest.

4.     Andy is in hospital now. He (have) a bad crash.

5.     Jane is crying. She (hurt) her knee.

2.)Заполните пропуски sinse или for.

Mike left school when he was 16. … then he has had five cars. He usually keeps a car … a year. Then he gets bored with it and buys another one. As far as his dad, he has had the same car … ten years. Mike can’t understand that. He’s had this Ford Mondeo … 2002 and it’s still going well. He’ll probably keep it … a few month.


3. Поставьте правильную форму глагола в Present Perfect Simple или Present Perfect Continuous.

- Hi, Mark! I (not/see) you for ages.
- Hi. I (
work) quite hard as usual. How about you?
- Great. I (
look) around for a new flat, but I (not/find) one yet.
- What’s wrong with your old one?
- It’s OK. But I (
just/get) a new job and it’s on the other side of town. By the way, you (finish) that book I gave you last month?
- I (
not/have) time, I was very busy. I (start) it but I’ve only got as far as the first chapter.
- What you (
do) since I last saw you?
- I (
prepare) for exams, of course. I (take) maths I’ve still got physics and chemistry to go.
- How did the maths exam go?
- I think I (
pass) it. We’ll see.

4.Тест на Present Perfect, Past Simple, Present Perfect Continuous


1. He (play) a lot of football this year.
a. plays
b. was playing
c. has played

2. Tell me all about what (happen) at the meeting. I am all ears.
a. happened
b. has happened
c. has been happening

3. He (run) away fr om school three times when he was 14.
a. run
b. has run
c. has been running

4. How many cups of coffee you (drink) today?
a. did you drink
b. have you drunk
c. have you been drinking

5. How long you (drink) this cup of coffee?
a. did you drink
b. have you drunk
c. have you been drinking

6. Your car is covered in mud. Wh ere you (drive)?
a. did yoy drive
b. have you driven
c. have you been driving

7. Our team are rubbish. They just (lose) 8 games one after another.
a. lost
b. have lost
c. have been losing

8. You (make) up your mind? What you (decide) to do?
a. did you make/ have you decided
b. have you made/ have you decided
c. have you been making/did you decide

9. You (find) the place on the map yet?
a. Have you found
b. Did you find
c. Have you been finding

10. I (not/hear) anything from him since he (move) to Paris.
a. didn’t hear/ moved
b. haven’t heard/moved
c. haven’t been hearing/ was moving


2.  Mестоимения some, any, no

Тест 1.

Вставьте some, any или по.

1 There are ... pictures in the book.

·  some

·  any

·  no

2.Are there ... new students in your group?

·  some

·  any

·  no

3. There are ... old houses in our street.

·  some

·  any

·  no

4. Are there ... English text­books on the desks? - - Yes, there are ... .

·  some, any

·  any, some

·  no, some

5 . Are there ... maps on the walls? —No, there aren't ... .

·  some

·  any

·  no

6 . Are there ... pens on the desk? - - Yes, there are....

·  some, any

·  any, some

·  no, some

7 . Are there ... sweets in your bag? - - Yes, there are ... .

·  some, any

·  any, some

·  no, some

8 . Have you got ... English books at home? -- Yes, I have ... .

·  some, any

·  any, some

·  no, some

9 .There are ... beauti­ful pictures in the magazine.  Look at them.

·  some

·  any

·  no

10 .There is ... ink in my pen: I cannot write.

·  some

·  any

·  no

Тест 2.

Вставьте  something,  anything, nothing или everything.

1 ... is all right, the patient is much better today!

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

2. Is there ... interesting in the program of the concert?

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

3. I could see ... : it was quite dark.

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

 4. Give me ... to drink.

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

5. I didn't take any money with me so I couldn't buy ... .

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

6. My new eyeglasses are very good, I can see ... now.

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

7.I saw ... near the wood that looked like a tent.

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

Тест 3.

Вставьте  something,  anything, nothing или everything.

1. Give me ... to read, please. - - With pleasure.

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

2. I don't know ... about your town. Tell me … about it.

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

3. Please give me ... warm: it is cold here.

·  something, nothing

·  anything, something

·  nothing, anything

·  everything, something

 4. I understand ... now. Thank you for your explanation.

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

5. There is ... white in the box. 'What is it?

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

6. Is there ... that you want to tell me?

·  something

·  anything

·  nothing

·  everything

 7. Wh ere is the book? — It is on the table. - No, there is . . there.

Тест 4. Вставьте somebody, anybody, nobody или everybody.

1. Has ... in this group got a dictionary?

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

2. ... left a magazine in our classroom yesterday.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 3. The question was so difficult that ... could answer it.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 4. I am afraid I shan't be able to find ... in the office now: it is too late.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 5. ... knows that water is necessary for life.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 6. Is there ... here who knows French?

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 7. You must find ... who can help you.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 8. ... knew anything about America before Colum­bus discovered it.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 9. I saw ... in the train yesterday who looked like you.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

10. There is ... in the next room. I don't know him.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

11. Please tell us the sto­ry. ... knows it.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 12. Is there ... in my group who lives in the dormitory?

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 13. Has ... here got a red pencil?

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 14. ... can answer this question. It is very easy.

·  somebody

·  anybody

·  nobody

·  everybody

 Упражнение 2. Вставьте much или many. 

1. Please don't put ... pepper on the meat. 2. There were ... plates on the table. 3. I never eat... bread with soup. 4. Why did you eat so ... ice-cream? 5. She wrote us ... letters from the coun­try. 6. ... of these students don't like to look up words in the dictionary. 7. ... in this work was too difficult for me. 8. ... of their answers were excel­lent. 9. ... of their conversation was about the in­stitute. 10. There are ... new pictures in this room. 11. There are ... teachers at our school, and ... of them are women. 12. ... of these plays are quite ... new. 13. Thanks awfully for the books you sent me yesterday. - - Don't mention it, it wasn't ... both­er. 14. ... of her advice was useful. 15. He had ... pairs of socks. 

Упражнение 3. Вставьте little или few. 

1. I have ... time, so I can't go with you. 2. He has ... English books. 3. There is ... ink in my pen. Have you got any ink? 4. There are ... bears in the zoo.  5. Tom Canty was the son of poor parents and had very ... clothes. 6. There is tool ... soup in my plate. Give me some more, please. 7.  The children returned from the wood very sad because they had found very  ...  mushrooms. 8. There was too ... light in the room, and I could not read. There are very ... people who don't know that the earth is round.

4. Passive Voice.

1. Перепишите предложения из активного залога в пассивный

1.      Nobody has used this room for ages.

2.     We will give you the keys tomorrow.

3.     Someone is interviewing Dr Johnson at the moment.

4.     By the time I arrived, someone had already opened all your letters.

5.     We usually talk briefly about the problems of the family at dinner time.


2. Выберите правильный вариант

1. This theatre … (build) over 100 years ago.

a. had been built

b. has been built

c. was built

2. Is your car still for sale? — No. It … already (sell).

a. has been sold

b. had been sold

c. was sold

3. Sometimes mistakes … (make).

a. are made

b. are being made.

c. have been made

4. For the past few days I (work) in Jack’s office, as my own … (decorate).

a. have been working/ is being decorated

b. worked/ decorated

c. am worked/ is being decorated.

5. While my friend … (talk) to me, his wallet .. (steal).

a. was being talked/ was being stolen

b. was talking/ was stolen

c. talked/stole

6. Wh ere is your friend Bob? —  - I don’t know. He … (not/ seen) resently.

a. hasn’t seen

b. didn’t see

c. hasn’t been seen

7. If someone … (report) you to the police, you … (make) to pay a big fine.

a. reports/ will be made

b. will report/ will make

c. is reported/ will be made

8. Professor … ( give) another lecture at the same time next week.

a. will have been given

b. will be given

c. will give

9. Look at the dust in here! It … (look) as if this room (not/clean) … for a month.

a. is looked/ hasn’t cleaned

b. looks/ hasn’t been cleaned

c. has looked/ isn’t cleaned

10. The door … (open) and a young lady … (come in). It should be admitted that the door … (open) by herself.

a. opened/ came in/ was opened

b. was opened/  came in/ was opened

c. opened/ came in/ opened


3. Заполните пропуски предлогами with, by.

1.     The hall was decorated … pink balloons.

2.     The roof of the church will be repaired … local people.

3.     This material has been already published … Cambridge University Press.

4.     The house was built … money that he had borrowed from the bank.

5.     When the the accident happened, the car was brought … police.